South Africa has shocked everyone with the country’s announcement that they were pulling out of the International Criminal Court and has initiated the withdrawal process. This comes on the heels of Burundi’s announcement that it was leaving the court. A written notice of South Africa’s intention was submitted to the UN secretary general, said Tshililo Michael Masutha, the country’s justice minister. The withdrawal from the international court will be formalized one year after the notification.
The court in the Hague, Netherlands, comprises 124 states from around the world. The ICC is the “court of last resort” and tries four types of crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression and war crimes. The court was created by the Rome Statute, a treaty first brought before the United Nations. In recent years, African leaders have complained of bias in the court’s activities as most of its cases have been against African leaders.
All six current prosecutions or prosecutions in the process are of Africans, and so far, the ICC has not indicted or pressed charges against any other people from any other part of the world. South Africa has complained of interference from the ICC, a case which began when the court requested the arrest of Sudanese president, Omar Al Bashir who was in South Africa last year for a meeting of African leaders on charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide stemming from the conflict in the Darfur region in western Sudan.
South Africa’s justice minister added that the country remains committed to holding those who committed crimes against humanity accountable, and that it intended to work closely with the African Union and other African countries.
The ICC’s 124 members is made up of 34 African nations, heavyweights such as America, China, Israel and Russia are signatories but are not active members.